Contemporary large-scale international design competitions1 in China. A case study of Baietan, Guangzhou

  • Zheng Liang Ph.D. candidate Department of Real Estate, Planning and Geoinformatics, YTK Land Use Planning and Urban Studies Group, School of Engineering, Aalto University, Finland
  • Raine Mäntysalo Professor, Ph.D. Department of Real Estate, Planning and Geoinformatics, YTK Land Use Planning and Urban Studies Group, School of Engineering, Aalto University, Finland
Keywords: design competition, trading zone, procedural analysis, case study, Guangzhou, strategic urban planning

Abstract

The importance of contemporary design competitions has been increasingly recognized in fast-growing China in the course of World Trade Organization (WTO) integration and globalization. However, scientific and systematic analysis is rare on how international design competitions are introduced, and how they interact and transplant in the Chinese context. The well-known Chinese-Western culture gap and complicated social and political background make this topic more challenging. Herein, the authors focus on how the international design competitions were “translated” into both international and local perspectives with a compara­tive analysis on development of international design competitions between the Chinese and the Finnish model. To fully exemplify the design-completion procedure and the different roles of Chinese stakeholders and their perspectives on design competitions, the authors study the Baietan case, which was chosen due to its specific relationship with the city’s strategic plan, its representativeness in using international design competitions in connection to large-scale urban projects in China and its public access to the relevant documentation. The preliminary findings suggest that Chinese-style design competitions, acting as ‘designed trading zones’, with less-defined competition rules compared to the Finnish model, may foster the settings of local transformation in adopting international urban planning and design knowledge. However, an integrated approach is required to address subsequent implementation.

Published
2013-12-20
How to Cite
Liang, Z., & Mäntysalo, R. (2013). Contemporary large-scale international design competitions1 in China. A case study of Baietan, Guangzhou. FormAkademisk - Research Journal of Design and Design Education, 6(4). https://doi.org/10.7577/formakademisk.745