Young People’s Experiences of Violence and Abuse in Same-sex Relationships: Understandings and Challenges

Keywords: same-sex relationship, youth intimate partner violence, listening guide analysis, heteronormativity, lgbt, homophobia

Abstract

Studies on youth intimate partner violence (IPV) issues have been increasingly published during the last few years. However, research on IPV in same-sex relationships among youths is limited. The aim of this article is to expand this knowledge base by exploring the voices of four youth exposed to IPV in same-sex relationships, investigating the similarities to violence in heterosexual relationships and shedding light on the complicating factor of sexuality. The Listening Guide analysis used in this article reveals that, although the dynamics of YIPV are similar to heterosexual relationships, participants experience responses from their immediate social network that reflect heteronormativity and homophobia, and result in participants’ feeling like a burden. Furthermore, the findings of the analysis show that dominant social discourses on men’s violence against women may become barriers to help-seeking. Thus, professionals need to gain knowledge of the unique challenges experienced by sexual minority youths exposed to IPV to prevent the issue and support those that experience it. Moreover, qualitative researchers need to further develop an understanding of the lives of youths exposed to IPV in same-sex relationships.

References

Andrews, B., Brewin, C. R., Rose, S., & Kirk, M. (2000). Predicting PTSD symptoms in victims of violent crime: The role of shame, anger, and childhood abuse. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109(1), 69-73. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.109.1.69

Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood. A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychology, 55(5), 469-80. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.5.469

Barrett, B. J. (2015). Domestic violence in the LGBT community. Retrieved January 2, 2019, from http://oxfordre.com/socialwork/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780199975839.001.0001/acrefore-9780199975839-e-1133 https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199975839.013.1133

Barter, C., Stanley, N., Wood, M., Lanau, A., Aghtaie, N., Larkins, C., & Øverlien, C. (2017). Young people’s online and face-to-face experiences of interpersonal violence and abuse and their subjective impact across five european countries. Psychology of Violence, 7(7), 375-384. https://doi.org/10.1037/vio0000096

Barter, C., & Stanley, N. (2016). Inter-personal violence and abuse in adolescent intimate relationships: mental health impact and implications for practice. International Review of Psychiatry, 28(5), 485–503. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2016.1215295

Budden, A. (2009). The role of shame in posttraumatic stress disorder: A proposal for a socio-emotional model for DSM-V. Social Science and Medicine, 69(7), 1032-1039. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.07.032

Bufdir (2017). Attitudes against lhbtiq-persons. Retrieved January 28, 2019, from https://www.bufdir.no/Statistikk_og_analyse/lhbtiq/Holdninger/

Cavanaugh, K. (2003). Understanding Women's Responses to Domestic Violence. Qualitative Social Work, 2(3), 229-249. https://doi.org/10.1177/14733250030023002

Chung, D. (2007). Meaning making of relationships. Young women’s experiences and understanding of dating violence. Violence Against Women, 13(12), 1274-1295. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801207310433

Dank, M., Lachman, P., Zweig, J. M., & Yahner, J. (2014). Dating violence experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 43, 846–857.

Dobash, R., & Dobash, R. (1980). Violence against Wives: A case against the Patriarchy. Open Books, London.

Donovan, C., & Hester, M. (2015). Domestic Violence and Sexuality: What's Love Got to Do with It? Bristol: Policy Press. https://doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781447307433.001.0001

Donovan C., & Hester M. (2008). ‘Because she was my first girlfriend, I didn’t know any different’: making the case for mainstreaming same‐sex sex/relationship education. Sex Education 8(3), 277-287 https://doi.org/10.1080/14681810802218155

Doucet, A., & Mauthner, N. S. (2008). What can be known and how? Narrated

subjects and the Listening Guide, Qualitative Research 8(3), 399-409.

Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R. K., & Turner, H. A. (2007). Poly-victimization: A neglected component in child victimization. Child Abuse and Neglect 31(1), 7-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2006.06.008

Gilligan, C., Spencer, R., Weinberg, M. K., & Bertsch, T. (2003). On the Listening Guide: A Voice-Centered Relational Method. In P. Camic, J. Rhodes, & L. Yardley (Eds.), Qualitative Research in Psychology: Expanding Perspectives in Methodology and Design (pp. 157-172). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

https://doi.org/10.1037/10595-009

Gillum, T.L., & DiFulvio, G. (2012). “There’s so much at stake”: Sexual minority youth discuss dating violence. Violence Against Women, 18, 725-745. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801212455164

Heimer, G., Sandell, K., & Sundström, M. (2018). Våld mot hbtq-personer – en

forsknings- och kunskapsöversikt [Violence against persons defining as lgbt: a

Research- and knowledge overview]. Uppsala University, Sweden: The National Center for Knowledge on Men’s Violence Against Women.

Hellevik, P., & Øverlien, C. (2016). Teenage intimate partner violence: Factors associated with victimization among Norwegian youths. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 44(7), 702-708. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1403494816657264

Holmberg, C., & Stjernqvist, U., & Sørensen, E. (2005). Våldsamt lika och olika: om våld i samkönade parrelationer [Alike and different: on violence in same-sex relationships]. Stockholm, Sweden: Stockholms universitet.

Hydén, M. (2014). The teller-focused interview: Interviewing as a relational practice. Qualitative Social Work, 13(6), 795-812. https://doi.org/10.1177/1473325013506247

ILGA Europe. (2016). Country Ranking. Retrieved February 1, 2019, from http://rainbow-europe.org/country-ranking

Irwin, J. (2008). (Dis)Counted Stories. Domestic Violence and Lesbians. Qualitative Social Work, 7(2), 199-215. https://doi.org/10.1177/1473325008089630

Kelly, V. A. (2004). Psychological Abuse Of Women: A Review Of The Literature. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy For Couples and Families,12(4), 383-388. https://doi.org/10.1177/1066480704267234

Kubany, E. S., & Watson, S. (2003). Guilt: Elaboration of a Multidimensional Model. The Psychological record, 53(1), 51-90.

Kubicek, K., McNeeley, M., & Collins, S. (2016). Young men who have sex with men’s experiences with intimate partner violence. Journal of Adolescent Research, 3, 143-175. https://doi.org/10.1177/0743558415584011

Marrow, D. F. (2004). Social work practice with gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender adolescents. Families in Society, 85, 91-99. https://doi.org/10.1606/1044-3894.246

Messinger, A. M. (2014). Marking 35 Years of Research on Same-Sex Intimate Partner Violence: Lessons and New Directions. In: Peterson D and Panfil VR (eds) Handbook of LGBT Communities, Crime, and Justice. New York, NY: Springer New York, pp. 65-85. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9188-0_4

McClennen, J. (2005). Domestic Violence Between Same Sex Partners. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(2): 149-154. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260504268762

Meyer, I. H. (2003). Prejudice, social stress, and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: Conceptual issues and research evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 674-697. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.129.5.674

Øverlien, C., Hellevik, P. M., & Korkmaz, S. (2019). Young Women’s Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence – Narratives of Control, Terror, and Resistance. Journal of Family Violence, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-019-00120-9

Pentaraki, M. (2017). Fear of double disclosure and other barriers to help seeking: an intersectional approach to address the needs of LGBT teenagers experiencing teenage relationship abuse. In Holt, S, Øverlien, C and Devaney J (eds) Responding to Domestic Violence: Emerging Challenges for Policy, Practice and Research in Europe. London. UK, Jessica Kingsley Publishing.

Plummer, K. (1995). Telling Sexual Stories: Power, Change and Social Worlds. London: Routledge.

Renzetti, C. M. (1988). Violence in lesbian relationships: A preliminary analysis of causal

factors. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 3(4), 381–399. https://doi.org/10.1177/088626088003004003

Riessman, C. (1993). Narrative Analysis. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Wade, A. (1997). Small acts of living: everyday resistance to violence and other forms of resistance. Contemporary Family Therapy, 19, 23-39.

Walker, L. E. (1979). The Battered Woman. New York: Harper and Row.

WHO. (2012). Understanding and addressing violence against women: Intimate partner violence. Retrieved from World Health Organization: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/77432/1/WHO_RHR_12.36_eng.pdf

Woodcock, C. (2016). The Listening Guide: A How-To-Approach on Ways to Promote

Educational Democracy. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 15(1): 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1177/1609406916677594

Published
2020-06-03
How to Cite
Øverlien, C. (2020). Young People’s Experiences of Violence and Abuse in Same-sex Relationships: Understandings and Challenges. Nordic Journal of Social Research, 11(1), 109-128. https://doi.org/10.7577/njsr.3327
Section
Articles