Nordic Journal of Social Research <p>The Nordic Journal of Social Research (NJSR) is a multidisciplinary, open access, peer-reviewed journal that publishes high quality papers from social, cultural, political and economic research in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. It presents new empirical data, and endeavours to advance theoretical development and/or enhance discussion of policy implications. More specifically, the journal publishes articles that examine social issues in one of the Nordic countries, compare such issues among Nordic countries, or offer comparisons of the Nordic countries with other parts of the world. The overarching objective is to enhance our understanding of the social processes and values that govern the welfare state and the course of everyday life. This includes tensions in securing viability of welfare structures and services, social integration, diversity and mobility, identity politics, policy development and innovation, life-span opportunities and security, and inequality, among other topics. A core aim is to facilitate a window for engaging the Nordic societies and Nordic researchers with the larger global world and international scholarship.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p><ol><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol><p> </p> (Anne Sigfrid Grønseth) (Gard Ringen Høibjerg) Wed, 12 Feb 2020 13:59:49 +0100 OJS 60 Public-Private Innovation in Health and Social Care: The Implications of Transaction Costs <p>In response to the continual pressure on health and social services worldwide, there has been a demand for innovation in this sector. One area of interest has been collaboration between public and private actors in developing new solutions for service delivery. So far, knowledge of how such private-public innovation (PPI) processes emerge has been limited. We studied barriers to PPI, focusing on how transaction costs influence the innovation process.</p> <p>We conducted a single case study, following the collaborative efforts of a Norwegian municipality and a local fire and rescue company searching for new care service delivery models. The data consist of interviews with central stakeholders and documents from the PPI process. The findings add to the knowledge on barriers in public-private innovation by highlighting transaction costs as a factor influencing the PPI process. An increased awareness of transaction costs throughout the innovation process may be important in planning and resource allocation. Findings from this case study may be useful in the development and implementation of innovative ideas. Our case illustrates the need for organisational change in service innovation. A focus on transaction costs can provide a useful tool for analysing necessary structures and their consequences when beginning PPI initiatives.&nbsp;</p> Maren Kristine Raknes Sogstad, Eirin Lodgaard, Siv Magnussen Copyright (c) 2020 Maren Kristine Raknes Sogstad, Eirin Lodgaard, Siv Magnussen Mon, 20 Jul 2020 14:11:16 +0200 Young People’s Experiences of Violence and Abuse in Same-sex Relationships: Understandings and Challenges <p>Studies on youth intimate partner violence (IPV) issues have been increasingly published during the last few years. However, research on IPV in same-sex relationships among youths is limited. The aim of this article is to expand this knowledge base by exploring the voices of four youth exposed to IPV in same-sex relationships, investigating the similarities to violence in heterosexual relationships and shedding light on the complicating factor of sexuality. The Listening Guide analysis used in this article reveals that, although the dynamics of YIPV are similar to heterosexual relationships, participants experience responses from their immediate social network that reflect heteronormativity and homophobia, and result in participants’ feeling like a burden. Furthermore, the findings of the analysis show that dominant social discourses on men’s violence against women may become barriers to help-seeking. Thus, professionals need to gain knowledge of the unique challenges experienced by sexual minority youths exposed to IPV to prevent the issue and support those that experience it. Moreover, qualitative researchers need to further develop an understanding of the lives of youths exposed to IPV in same-sex relationships.</p> Carolina Øverlien Copyright (c) 2020 Carolina Øverlien Wed, 03 Jun 2020 09:20:02 +0200 ‘Developing an App Could Be the Wrong Place to Start’: User Reflections and Ideas about Innovation in Municipal Substance Abuse Services <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: There has been an increased focus on the search for innovative ways to use technology to improve services among many public welfare services. However, this focus has been less apparent among municipal substance abuse follow-up and aftercare services. Historically, this is a field that has had weak user involvement. Therefore, we have explored user ideas and reflections on whether and how technological innovation can improve these services.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: We conducted four group sessions with a total of 14 users of substance abuse follow-up services (five women and nine men) in the southern part of Norway in June of 2014 and February of 2016.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: The users who participated in the study pointed out that face-to-face interaction with service practitioners is an important dimension of these services. Some expressed fear that more technology might lead to services that are less relational or more standardized and that such developments might lead to reduced availability. They pointed out that enhancing individualization, continuity and service collaboration might be more important than prioritizing technology-oriented innovation. Nevertheless, the users viewed technology as positive and useful when it improves service accessibility and communication between service providers and users. More generally, the data also shed light on users’ service experiences. The analysis of these data shows that access to support from peers who have had user experiences was found to be particularly valuable.</p> <p><strong>Discussion</strong>: We contribute to the literature on co-production and user involvement by highlighting user perspectives on the risks, uncertainties and possibilities for the use of new technologies in service delivery. Based on these findings, we develop the ‘co-production triangle’. In this model, the relationship between the service provider and the user is expanded to include skilled peers as a third actor.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: User involvement, co-production, technology, follow-up care, addiction, peer support</p> Vidar Bakkeli, Arne Backer Grønningsæter Copyright (c) 2020 Vidar Bakkeli, Arne Backer Grønningsæter Tue, 24 Mar 2020 09:53:33 +0100 Frontline Professionals Performing Collaborative Work with Low-Income Families: Challenges across Organizational Boundaries <p>This article discusses certain challenges relating to interagency collaboration between the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) and Child Welfare Services (CWS). We have asked what obstacles to holistic work with low-income families who receive measures from NAV and CWS simultaneously can be identified. The departure point is collaboration on a local project at the municipal level. The differences between the views of the individual services (and the mandates based on these views) with regard to parental obligations have proved challenging. Using the theory of institutional logic, we have explored how different logics have influenced these services’ approaches to parenthood and the significance of these influences for interagency collaboration. We have also investigated how caseworkers in the two services have managed to create reflective spaces for negotiating and bridging various understandings to create new ways of working together.</p> <p>In addition to collecting and analysing data, our task as researchers has been to facilitate joint working processes in the project. The article is based on interviews with caseworkers from both services, discussions during two workshops, and a subsequent dialogue seminar with employees from the two services.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Torunn Alise Ask, Solveig Sagatun Copyright (c) 2020 Torunn Alise Ask, Solveig Sagatun Tue, 24 Mar 2020 09:50:13 +0100 Health Equity and Universal Provision in Norway: A Case Study <p>This article reports on a qualitative study undertaken to explore the policy-practice nexus of health policy in Norway in relation to the provision and delivery of maternal health services to migrant women.&nbsp; The research used a case study approach focusing on a particular programme which provided maternal health services to migrant women and collected data through review and analysis of policy documentation, observation of this programme, and discussions with people responsible for implementing health policy.&nbsp; While Norway is well known for its universal policy principles, which in the main enable good access to services, the case study indicated that there are some limitations in policy and practice.&nbsp; We use the principle of proportionate universalism to comment on and make recommendations for policy makers and practitioners in this area, to better attend to the principle of equity in service access and usage.&nbsp; The article provides an overview of the Norwegian health policy systems, structures and provisions; describes the service provision from a specific programme providing maternal health services to migrant women in Stavanger, Norway; and concludes with some recommendations which emerge from the findings.</p> Lydia Mehrara, Susan Young Copyright (c) 2020 Lydia Mehrara Tue, 24 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100 How Do Urban Neighbourhoods Impact Parents’ Subjective Well-being? <p><strong>Introduction<em>:</em></strong> In this paper, parents’ well-being is examined from their subjective point of view of their living experiences in a certain residential area. The subjective viewpoint is relevant as the focus of the research is interlinked with residential areas.</p> <p><strong>Aims:</strong> The research aims to determine what meaning parents ascribe to their residential area (suburb or city centre) as a space for physical, social and psychological well-being. It also aims to discover whether there are qualitative differences between the given meanings of parents living in different areas.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The data were acquired through semi-structured interviews with parents who live in a suburb or the city centre of Lahti, Finland. Data analysis was conducted using abductive thematic analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results revealed that physical, social and psychological spaces were experienced differently depending on the residential area in question. In parents’ narration about the physical space, in both areas the basic services were defined as valuable for well-being. Parents living in the suburb experienced the natural environment as an important source of well-being. When talking about the social space, the parents living in the suburb emphasised social networks and the importance of building well-being bridges in their neighbourhood, unlike the city dwellers. The psychological space was connected to the reputation and security of the residential area. An important well-being factor for all parents was the well-being of their children, with an emphasis on the safety of the residential area.</p> <p><strong>Discussion:</strong> Subjective assessments of neighbourhood attributes are more important in explaining neighbourhood satisfaction than any perceived reputation. Parents’ ways of thinking and acting in certain residential areas appear to tie in with the social capital that forms social resources. Almost all parents who participated in this research estimated their well-being as rather high, irrespective of their socioeconomic status, but the city centre residents rated their well-being even higher.</p> Jaana Poikolainen, Kati Honkanen Copyright (c) 2020 Jaana Poikolainen Wed, 11 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Reproduction and the Welfare State: Notes on Norwegian Biopolitics <p>Norway has long been considered to be a bastion of social democracy due to its strong, protective, decommodifying welfare state. However, with the recent rise of neoliberalism and right-wing populist politics across the West, this Northern European society has gradually shifted from Keynesian Fordism to a moderate form of neoliberalism. This political-economic pivot has also resulted in a transformation of what Foucault termed biopolitics: a politics concerned with life itself. In early 2019, leading politicians in Norway’s centre-right coalition government placed the problem of the declining fertility rate on the national agenda and framed the problem of biological reproduction in ways particular to their political-ideological perspectives. The Conservative Party discussed reproduction in terms of producerism, or the problem of supplying the welfare state with labouring, tax-paying citizens. The Progress Party emphasised ethnonational exclusion, engaging in racial denigration with the aim to ensure the reproduction of ‘ethnic Norwegians’. The Christian Democrats highlighted a conservative Christian ‘right to life’ topos amidst growing secularisation and pluralism. All three parties signalled a turn from traditional social-democratic ideologies. Neoliberalism has proven to be malleable, able to fuse with a wide range of biopolitical programmes including moral exhortations, ethnonational exclusion and religious discourse to approach the problem of reproduction. However, this post-social-democratic approach generally is unwilling to provide material security through large-scale social expenditures and universal welfare institutions, preferring instead to address the ‘hearts and minds’ of the populace. Consequently, the fundamental cause of sub-replacement fertility—the gradual proliferation of ontological insecurity—remains unaddressed.</p> Victor Lund Shammas, Tony Sandset Copyright (c) 2020 Victor Lund Shammas, Tony Sandset Wed, 12 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0100