Plane and space in pattern design
AbstractIn garment design, flat pattern design is central to form giving. In designing, the three-dimensional form is developed in two dimensions. Interaction between the two-dimensional presentation and three-dimensional reality is characteristic of the process. Despite its essential role in the teaching and learning of pattern design, the process has received only a limited interest in didactic studies. Internationally, most of the studies are American, and they have concentrated on the effects of spatial ability. The present article enquires how students in the textile teacher program of a Finnish university experienced the flat pattern design process and its difficulties, and what kind of processes were actually used. The results of the conducted survey indicate that studies in clothing design and construction had only a minor effect on how the students evaluated the difficulty of various pattern design tasks on the advanced level as compared with the introductory level. The possibility that this is due to crafts in the curriculum of the Finnish comprehensive school is discussed. As to the processes of pattern design, the survey found that on the advanced level, when the students were free to choose among various alternatives, more than half of the processes were different from each other. Half of the processes included a mix of 2D and 3D methods, and two thirds of the total were iterative in nature. Improvement of design and ease allowances were the main reasons for iteration. After the basics, a flexible approach to the pattern design process appears to be advantageous for students' development in the subject.
Copyright (c) 2014 Kirsti Salo-Mattila
Det här verket är licensierat under en Creative Commons Erkännande 4.0 Internationell-licens.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).